A Compendium of Fact-finding Sites

A resource compiled by Center for Inquiry Tampa Bay
Revised 2019/11/17

Quackwatch, by Stephen Barrett, M.D., Consumer Advocate
(Quackwatch is an affiliate of Center for Inquiry)
287 Fearrington Post
Pittsboro, NC 27312
Telephone:  919 533-6009 

health fraud and quackery http://www.quackwatch.org  
guide to questionable theories and practices http://www.allergywatch.org  
skeptical guide to acupuncture history, theories, and practices http://www.acuwatch.org  
guide to autism http://www.autism-watch.org  
guide to intelligent treatment http://www.cancertreatmentwatch.org  
legal archive http://www.casewatch.org  
chelation therapy http://www.chelationwatch.org  
skeptical guide to chiropractic history, theories, and practices http://www.chirobase.org  
guide to health-related education and training http://www.credentialwatch.org  
guide to dental care http://www.dentalwatch.org  
guide to questionable medical devices http://www.devicewatch.org  
guide to weight-control schemes and rip-offs http://www.dietscam.org  
guide to the fibromyalgia marketplace http://www.fibrowatch.org  
guide to homeopathy http://www.homeowatch.org  
guide to trustworthy health information http://www.ihealthpilot.org  
guide to an equitable health-care system http://www.insurancereformwatch.org  
guide to infomercials http://www.infomercialwatch.org  
guide to the mental help marketplace http://www.mentalhealthwatch.org  
multi-level marketing http://www.mlmwatch.org  
skeptical guide to naturopathic history, theories, and practices http://www.naturowatch.org  
activities of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) http://www.nccamwatch.org  
nutrition facts and fallacies http://www.nutriwatch.org  
guide to the drug marketplace and lower prices http://www.pharmwatch.org  
National Council Against Health Fraud archive http://www.ncahf.org  
guide to telemarketing scams http://www.stop-robocalls.org  
consumer health sourcebook http://www.chsourcebook.com  

Editor, Consumer Health Digest            http://www.quackwatch.org/00AboutQuackwatch/chd.html

An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural 

Index A | B | C | D | E | F G | H | | J | K | L |  | O | P |  |  |  | T | U | W | X Y Z

The remarkable magician, debunker, and researcher James Randi writes: At long we’re able to get this Encyclopedia up online. It’s created with David Joffe‘s dictionary compilation software TshwaneLex, and it’s a labor of love on the part of my good friend Gilles-Maurice de Schryver. We are very grateful for their generous donation of talent, time, and dedication. Thank you, folks.
This listing contains the entire text of “An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural”. This Internet version will contain many more illustrations than the printed one, and as time goes on we intend to add more categories and definitions, as well. If you have any suggestions along this line, we invite them eagerly. Please be sure that what you offer us is “in tune” with the subjects we handle, and when possible, give us a reference for the item.
This online edition replaces the previous one of Stephen J. Goodson, to whom our sincere thanks are also due. Thanks too to Sean Schricker who proofread the initial batch of data that was imported into TshwaneLex.
I hope that you will enjoy this Internet version, and will return to it often for information, entertainment, and perhaps for research purposes. You are free to quote from it, providing full source credit is provided.
—— James Randi

The James Randi Educational Foundation     
https://web.randi.org/      Email: jref@randi.org

The best non-partisan news & political fact-checking sites:

1) Politifact is a project of the Tampa Bay Times. It won a Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the 2008 election, during which it examined 750 claims.
Politifact fact-checks claims by politicians at the federal, state, and local level, as well as political parties, PACs, and advocacy groups. Politifact rates the accuracy of these claims on its Truth-O-Meter, which goes from “True,” “Mostly True,” “Half True,” “False,” and “Pants on Fire.” There are separate verticals of Politifact for global news and select states.

2) FactCheck.org
Eugene Kiely of FactCheck.org says the organization has “never seen anything” like Trump in its 13 years of operation. FactCheck.org reviews the year’s most egregious false claims in an annual “Whoppers of the Year” story.
From Kiely:
“In 2015, we recognized that Trump had an unusually large number of false claims and that in some instances he would double down on his false claims and insist they were true—even when we and others have proven him wrong. As a result, we named him the ‘King of the Whoppers.’ It was the first time we have ever done it, and we hope the last.
Viral Spiral is a section of FactCheck.org devoted to internet rumors. “We get a lot of questions from readers asking us to fact check claims that they read on the internet. Hundreds a day,” Kiely noted. “It’s discouraging that the internet is used by some to spread misinformation, but on the other hand, the internet provides the resources people need to debunk bogus claims. So it is a double-edged sword. People need to be skeptical of what they read on the internet and use it to check on claims that they suspect may be wrong.”

3) Washington Post‘s Fact Checker
The Post‘s Fact Checker blog is run by journalist Glenn Kessler. The site assesses claims made by politicians or political advocacy groups and gives out Pinocchios based on its level of accuracy.
According to Kessler, one of the most widely read Fact Checker columns was a debunking of the Sean Hannity-backed claim that Trump lent his private plane to transport 200 Gulf War Marines back home.
A separate vertical of FactCheck.org, FlackCheck.org focuses on false claims in campaign ads and other advertising. The site debunks scientific and health claims.  

4) OpenSecrets
OpenSecrets, also known as the Center for Responsive Politics, tracks money in U.S. politics and its effect on elections and public policy. It allows you to easily track campaign spending and contributions without laboring through the Federal Election Commission’s website. OpenSecrets also tracks the money that the private sector, industry groups, unions, and other lobbyists spend to lobby Congress.

5) The Sunlight Foundation
The Sunlight Foundation is a nonprofit that led the way for public accountability data journalism. Its Hall of Justice offers state-by-state data sets on criminal justice.

6) Snopes.com
Snopes.com is the go-to destination for debunking strange internet rumors. California couple Barbara and David Mikkelson founded the site in 1995 to uncover urban legends, rumors, and other questionable bits of folklore that had begun cropping up in chain emails and message boards.
Snopes has spent a large chunk of its time shedding light on Election 2016 rumors that originated from memes and fake news stories. A recent Snopes.com fact check revealed that a meme stating that all living ex-presidents are against Trump is not entirely true (though reports have emerged that George W.H. Bush will be voting for Clinton). Snopes.com also laid to rest a rumor that Clinton sent a body double in her place to a 9/11 memorial service, which reached momentum after #HillarysBodyDouble began to trend on Twitter.

7) Poynter Institute
The Poynter Institute is not a true fact-checking service.  They are however a leader in distinguished journalism and produce nothing but credible and evidence-based content.  If Poynter reports it, you can count on it being true.

8) Flack Check
Headquartered at the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania, Flack Check is the political literacy companion site to the award-winning FactCheck.org. The site provides resources designed to help viewers recognize flaws in arguments in general and political ads in particular.

9) Truth or Fiction
Very similar to Snopes, Truth or Fiction tends to focus more on political rumors and hoaxes.

10) Hoax Slayer
Hoax Slayer debunks or validates internet rumors and hoaxes.

11) Vote Smart
This is an excellent resource. Vote Smart reports on available facts about politicians at national and state levels. Everything you need to know to be able to be an informed voter.

12) Full Fact (Great Britain & Europe)
Full Fact fights bad information. We’re a team of independent fact checkers and campaigners who find, expose and counter the harm it does. The Full Fact Toolkit

Find world factcheckers near you
International organisations verified by The International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN):

Africa: Africa Check
Argentina: Chequeado
Australia: The Conversation FactCheck; RMIT ABC Fact Check
Bosnia & Herzegovina: Istinomjer
Brazil: Aos Fatos; Agência Lupa; Agência Pública – Truco
France: France 24 Les Observateurs; Le Monde Décodeurs; Libération Désintox
Ireland: TheJournal.ie Fact Check
Italy: Pagella Politica
Georgia: FactCheck Georgia
Germany: Correctiv
Northern Ireland: FactCheck Northern Ireland
Portugal: Observador Fact Check
Serbia: Istinomer
Spain: El Objetivo
Sweden: Viralgranskaren
Turkey: Dogruluk Payi; Teyit.org
USA: AP Fact Check; Climate Feedback; Factcheck.org; PolitiFact; Snopes; The Washington Post Fact Checker

Media bias fact-checking sites
These sites are to be taken with a grain of salt–if there can be accuracy in rating news media.
Media Bias/Fact Check https://mediabiasfactcheck.com/
AllSides https://www.allsides.com/unbiased-balanced-news


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